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Headline data

Source: Statistics Canada

Geographical Area: Canada (excluding territories) and provinces

Unit of Measurement: Number

The table below contains more information regarding the indicator.

Indicator name

Gini Coefficient


No specific target

Indicator description

This indicator measures the Gini coefficient. The Gini coefficient is a number between zero and one that measures the relative degree of inequality in the distribution of income.

Geographical coverage

Canada (excluding territories) and provinces

Unit of measurement



The Gini coefficient would register zero (minimum inequality) for a population in which each person received exactly the same adjusted household income and it would register a coefficient of one (maximum inequality) if one person received all the adjusted household income and the rest received none.

Comments and limitations

It covers all individuals in Canada, excluding persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces, the institutionalized population, and households in extremely remote areas with very low population density. Overall, these exclusions amount to less than 2 percent of the population.

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