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Headline data

Source: Statistics Canada

Geographical Area: Canada, provinces and territories

Unit of Measurement: Percentage

The table below contains more information regarding the indicator.

Indicator name

Prevalence of food insecurity


No specific target

Indicator description

This indicator measures the proportion of families living with food insecurity.

Geographical coverage

Canada, provinces and territories

Unit of measurement



The levels of food security are defined as:
1- Food secure: No indication of difficulty with income-related food access;
2- Marginally food insecure: Exactly one indication of difficulty with income-related food access;
3- Moderately food insecure: Indication of compromise in quality and/or quantity of food consumed;
4- Severely food insecure: Indication of reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns.

Comments and limitations

The survey is conducted nationwide, in both the provinces and the territories. It covers all individuals in Canada, excluding persons living on reserves and other Indigenous settlements in the provinces, the institutionalized population, and households in extremely remote areas with very low population density. Overall, these exclusions amount to less than two percent of the population.

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